South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The territory was formed in 1985; previously they were governed as part of the Falkland Islands Dependency. The territory consists of the island of South Georgia, which is the largest island in the territory, and a group of smaller islands known as the South Sandwich Islands. There is no native population on any of the islands, and the only inhabitants are the British military garrison and scientists from the British Antarctic Survey who maintain a base at the capital, Grytviken.

The sovereignty of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands has been disputed since their discovery. Argentina is the only country to still maintain a claim over the islands, which they call Islas Georgias y Sandwich del Sur. The sovereignty dispute over SGSSI contributed even to the 1982 Falklands War and has remained unresolved until today. Argentina maintained a settlement on the South Sandwich Islands from 1976 until 1982, and occupied South Georgia during the Falklands War.

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